Development of Efficient Engines: One of the key factors affecting fuel consumption efficiency is the engine design. Modern automakers actively work on creating more efficient and economical engines. They employ technologies such as direct fuel injection, turbocharging, variable valve control, and stop-start systems. These innovations increase engine power while simultaneously reducing fuel consumption.
Lightweight Materials and Aerodynamics: Reducing the weight of a vehicle directly impacts its efficiency. Automakers incorporate lightweight materials such as aluminum, magnesium, and carbon fiber into the construction of cars. A lighter weight allows for decreased air resistance and improved fuel economy. Additionally, carefully engineered body aerodynamics, including enhanced streamlined shapes and active airflow control systems, contribute to fuel efficiency.
Hybrid and Electric Technologies: Hybrid and electric vehicles have become increasingly popular in recent years. These technologies significantly reduce fuel consumption and emissions of harmful substances.